GLVitamins

Tuesday, August 26, 2014

Low Testosterone Symptoms

If you’re a human being, and if you’re reading this it is assumed you are, then low testosterone may be a concern for you. In the U.S. alone more than 20million men suffer from low testosterone, and while women can suffer too it is men who most commonly fall prey to the problem. The low testosterone symptoms can be very easy to spot; however, as the often gradually occur many men become accustomed before they realize they have a problem. Fortunately, while this is a condition that is beyond bothersome there is a remedy for the problem, and it is quite simple. Such a remedy will not alter your life, it will not be inconvenient, and regardless of anything else it will greatly improve your overall quality of life.

The Low Testosterone Symptoms
There are several low testosterone symptoms that may point to you having a problem. In most cases, you will display at least two symptoms, and in most cases one of the sexually related will occur. As the problem is left ignored, other symptoms will begin to show, and each one will get worse the longer the problem is left unattended to. It is true, low testosterone symptoms are not life-threatening, but not only are they very problematic they can be an open door to many far more serious complications. The following chart displays the low testosterone symptoms, the gateway effects that can occur if the condition is ignored, as well as the possible severity of the initial low testosterone symptoms:

Low Testosterone Symptoms   

Possible Severity
Gateway Effects
Loss of Libido
Severe
Diabetes
Erectile Dysfunction
Moderate to Severe
Osteoporosis
Loss of Muscle Mass
High Moderate
Alzheimer’s
Loss of Strength
Moderate to Severe
Anxiety
Increased Body-Fat
Moderate to Sever
High Cholesterol
Inability to lose Fat
Severe
Infertility
Loss of Energy
Severe
Polyuria
Loss of Concentration
Moderate
Constant Soreness & Aches
Depression
Moderate to Severe
 
Insomnia
Low to Moderate
 
Decreased Sense of Well-Being
Severe


   
Combating Low Testosterone Symptoms

There is only one thing on this earth that will combat the low testosterone symptoms, and that is testosterone. For some reason, by the manner in-which testosterone has been demonized in popular culture due to it being an anabolic steroid this surprises many people. This should not be a surprise; for example, if you’re hungry you need food, if you’re lacking in food the only thing that will fix it is more food. The same can be said of testosterone, if you’re lacking in testosterone the only thing you can do is provide your body more of the hormone. This isn’t brain surgery, although it’s often treated as such. In the U.S. to combat low testosterone symptoms there are many options regarding the type of testosterone therapy you receive. There is the most efficient injectable testosterone, topical solutions, implant pellets and even somewhat indirect measures through Aromatase Inhibitors (AI’s) and Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators (SERM’s). AI’s and SERM’s work by stimulating the release of LH and FSH into the body, thereby stimulating natural testosterone production; they can work, but often they are not enough. There is also a peptide hormone, Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG) that is sometimes used for early initial stimulation. In any case, to combat the low testosterone symptoms, we have listed all possible common measures, the type of measure or form, and its ability to remedy on a 1-10 scale:

  Treatment   
     Form
 Recovery      Rating
Androderm
Topical Testosterone Patch
5
AndroGel
Topical Testosterone Gel
6
Arimidex
AI
4
Clomiphene Citrate (Clomid)
SERM
3
hCG
Peptide
5
Letrozole
AI
4
Tamoxifen Citrate (Nolvadex)
SERM
3
Testopel
Subcutaneous Implant Pellet
8-10
Sustanon-250
Injectable Testosterone
10
Testosterone-Cypionate
Injectable Testosterone
10
Testosterone-Enanthate
Injectable Testosterone
10
Testosterone-Propionate
Injectable Testosterone
10

Monday, August 18, 2014

How Bodybuilding Can Positively Effect Sex Life!

Men are stereotypically notorious for bawdy locker room talk; women, body parts, certain unmentionable deeds, and normally as women we roll our eyes and pretend to be offended at the utter lack of class they must have.
Women however, may not share their immediate thoughts to everyone about sex and other formerly thought-to-be taboo issues as readily. In private though, I have found that women are far more verbal about sex; what they like and don't like, and what they are and aren't doing.
Competitive bodybuilders and fitness athletes are no different, but it all seems to revolve on how the sex, or lack thereof will affect their training, their dieting, their physique, and in the end, their placing.

Refraining From Sex Before A Big Event
It is well known that many professional athletes, baseball players, football players, fighters, and endurance athletes have all claimed to abstain from sexual activity with a partner, and even from masturbation immediately before a big event. There is this 'old-school' belief that it somehow reduces stamina, reduces power, and reduces the force that the athlete can put forth at their big event, tournament or game.
This seems to be true, for a minute. After athletes abstained from ejaculation (serum test levels were tested daily) for 6 days their levels had not changed. On the seventh day only, the levels of testosterone jumped by 50 percent.
This was back down to the previous level the next (8th) day of abstaining. This seems to mean a 50 percent increase could be achieved, but for what? Abstain from sex for six days in order to have a killer leg day on the 7th? Umm, no. It's just not a usable or convenient method.
In bodybuilding, this seems to be a divided issue. Some professional bodybuilders won't have sex in the days or weeks before a show, thinking it will reduce testosterone, or at the very least take away their laser-like focus on the prize.
Arnold Schwarzenegger defied this school of thought and believed that sex before or after lifting weights and working out helped him to relax and increased his vasodilatation, and thus his training output.
It's true that bodybuilding (lifting weights that is) lowers testosterone levels (serum), but only remain slightly lower for less than 3 hours. One study found that when 10 men watched a pornographic movie for 15 minutes, their testosterone levels jumped 100 percent afterwards, while the 10 ladies rolled in at 80 percent more testosterone!1
Now should we all watch porn right before we hit the gym... well, maybe not every workout! Seriously though, the arousal itself seems to show a massive increase in test levels, and it would then seem the next question to be, "How long does it last?"
It seems the levels remained elevated at 75 percent of the max for over 90 minutes, so you better hurry! From the other side of the coin this also seems to increase aggression in turn, and increases the likelihood one will do things such as pull the trigger on a gun.

Measuring Testosterone Levels
In studies performed on rats, the testosterone levels were tested prior to ejaculation, immediately after one, two, and then four 2. The tests on rats showed a marked increase in testosterone levels after one, and remained at the highest level in the rats even after four ejaculations, approximately four hours.
This shows great promise that post ejaculate workouts being enhanced naturally (not to mention pleasantly) from increasing ones sexual activities, whether with a partner or alone. It seems these tests are all bias in one way though, they are almost all performed on men.
I am hopeful that in the future there will be more studies done directly on women in fitness and bodybuilding and their sexual health. It's a running joke while prepping, that the closer you get, and the better you look, the less and less you want to have sex with anyone.
Some that are utilizing chemicals, and I won't cover that here, will not suffer these effects of training and dieting down for stage. The extreme training when in competition mode really does a number on the body, the mood, let alone the sex drive. Hungry, tired, and cold does not equal sexy for most people.
Some women report a burst of energy after sex that resulted in an orgasm, wanting to jump up and clean something, or bounce around the house; while others say they are content to watch television, relax with their partner of just doze off to sleep.

Orgasms & Your Workout
In the less clinical sex, bodybuilding and fitness play a huge role in sex and visa versa. As a woman, I believe and have read and researched and found that achieving orgasm at least three times a week increases my "feel good chemicals" (aka dopamine).
This will in turn result in a more pleasant mood, less rage, less anxiety and a more positive overall outlook. How can this not result in a better workout? It has to.
When a woman is fit, and healthy and is lifting weights actively, she has increased caloric needs, increased energy, increased blood flow (this means everywhere), better sleep, regular menstrual cycles and regulated fertility. In other words, increased training, and overall fitness increases and results in a positive outcome on every activity of the body.
This will in turn result in a likelihood of a healthier body image, and therefore a healthy sexual image of oneself. It's common for women to believe they have no sex drive, or a libido issue that requires medication.
In many instances it is a direct result of a poor body image, or a more serious condition known as Body Dismorphic Disorder (BDD); where one believes that they look one way, when in reality they look completely different.
Lifting weights, losing weight, taking care of your body, will dramatically increase your confidence, your energy, your endurance and your image of yourself as a healthy sexual human being. 5 In a more direct physical sense, its common for women in classes for abdominals/core and even Pilates to report orgasm during the class movements, or increased or more powerful orgasm after weeks of training.
This is due to the strengthening and stimulation of the PC (pubococcygeus muscle) muscle, located in the pelvic floor (men have one too), that controls the flow of urine. 4 This is your best friend when wanting to increase your orgasm, or its strength; or, ahem, your core and abdominal strength!
Increasing the strength of the quadriceps, and adductors (inner thighs) will also strengthen the intensity of orgasm for women, even the breathing exercises taught in yoga have been known to cause major and dramatic increases in orgasm! The core strength also helps in a number of different positions, and in avoiding the dreaded "Charlie-horse" during an intimate moment.


The Benefits Of Bodybuilding
For men, bodybuilding offers a few more benefits aside from increased body image and self-esteem. It also increases their overall production of testosterone over a long period of consistent training and its known that men's testosterone levels can begin to decline as early as 25 years old!
The action of lifting weights, for reps, for one hour or more, increases vasodilatation throughout the body; and when a man is a smoker, or has arterial disease in his family, this can affect erections, as the lack of blood flow to the area will eventually cause impotence.
Over a long period of time and frustration, it's nice to know that it can possibly be a helpful benefit to those with that issue. Not to mention the increased strength can aid in a vast supply of new sexual positions you and your partner would both appreciate!

It seems that bodybuilding and training have a lot more affect on the body and on sex than just who has the hottest bod! Although, that is one really great benefit to being a lean, hard, super-fit person, and to being with someone who holds their body to that standard; you feel great about your body, your body looks great and you know it.

They say it's just the men that are visually stimulated first, and for the women it's mental that gets us hot. I believe a perfect combination of both is someone who takes care of their body and it shows, and appreciates all the hard work you put into yours, and lets you know often! Here's to great gains in the gym and the bedroom!

Monday, August 11, 2014

Public Enemy #1 for Male Fertility: Anabolic Steroids

Did you notice those guys with big muscles at the gym or on the beach? The muscles may be from "just plain old fashioned hard work in the gym" or they could be from using anabolic steroids or performing enhancing drugs (PED). Those that use anabolic steroids or PEDs to build and repair muscle are doing damage to their testicles. These testosterone-based hormones are very bad for men who eventually want to have children. They actually work almost like a contraceptive. When a man is taking anabolic steroids, it is virtually impossible for him to get his partner pregnant.

The use of anabolic steroids historically has been used by athletes in major sports, such as weight lifting, baseball and football. Because these so called "role models" use these drugs, anabolic steroid use or abuse has filtered down and is being used by recreational weight lifters, college and high school athletes, etc.

How do anabolic steroids affect male fertility? Sperm are formed in the body when brain hormones such as luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) work directly on the testicles. In the testicle, cells called Leydig cells are turned on to produce the male hormone, testosterone. When this occurs, there are very high levels of testosterone that are present in the testicle, although there is a normal amount of testosterone in the blood stream. When men use anabolic steroids, they trick the body into thinking that the testicles DO NOT have to produce testosterone. When this happens, the amount of testosterone in the testicles is extremely low, despite normal or very high levels in the bloodstream. When this situation occurs, follicle stimulating hormone also is not released. This combination causes the testicles to shrink and to produce little if any sperm.

Although use of anabolic steroids can stop sperm production, the good news is that in many cases this problem is reversible. It appears that the longer one uses the steroids and the higher the dosage used, the more likely these become irreversible problems. Once performance enhancing drugs are stopped, sperm production may start again but will return in the ejaculate at the earliest three months after stopping the drugs. In fact, in patients who have used steroids for years, this sometimes may take one to two years before one may see a return in sperm production. After a period of time after stopping the PEDs, sometimes medical therapy can enhance the ability of the body to restart sperm production. This is usually done with human chorionic gonadotropin, or hCG. In certain cases, if hCG alone does not stimulate sperm production, a form of FSH called human menopausal gonadotropin may be added to improve the chances of return of sperm.

Anabolic steroids can cause other health problems that sometimes can be irreversible. These include aggressive behavior, acne, baldness, prominent breasts, liver disease, high blood pressure, heart attack and stroke. In adolescents, it may result in stunted growth and accelerated puberty changes.

PEDs can also cause sexual dysfunction. When the anabolic steroids are stopped, the "sexual rush" is gone and this will cause testosterone levels to crash to virtually zero. This may cause symptoms such as tiredness, loss of energy and loss of sex drive. Testosterone production may return in a few months, however, in certain situations, it may be a permanent problem. Luckily, there is medical treatment for this problem to raise testosterone levels back to the normal range.

So there are lessons to be learned from the abuse of anabolic steroids. The most important point here is if you want to have children at some point in your life, DON'T USE ANABOLIC STEROIDS!!! In addition, stopping anabolic steroids may result in the "crashing of testosterone levels" with associated bad problems related to general health and sexuality.

Friday, August 1, 2014

HGH - Human Growth Hormone and Aging

The human growth hormone (HGH) is a hormone that is made by your body in the pituitary gland and many claim has anti aging properties. It is often marketed as an anti-aging hormone. In children, it is important for normal growth. In adults, HGH helps regulate and maintain your tissues and organs. Children sometime receive HGH injections because a lack of HGH in their body is impacting their growth rate.

HGH and Aging
Like many hormones, HGH levels decrease as a person gets older. This is a normal part of aging. HGH is becoming a popular anti-aging supplement. Because HGH is only available in injection form (other forms of HGH have not been proven effective) HGH must be given by a doctor. The cost for one year of HGH injections can be more than $15,000. The saddest part is that there has been little research on HGH and aging –- one study shows that lower HGH levels correlate to increased longevity compared to people with high HGH levels.

HGH Benefits
While HGH is not the fountain of youth that people claim, there are some benefits to HGH supplementation. Of course, anyone whose body lacks the ability to make HGH would benefit from this medical treatment. HGH also increase muscle mass (but not strength). Some people claim to have more energy and feel better on HGH supplementation, but no study has been done to rule out the placebo effect (which is likely to be strong if a person is paying $15,000 for treatments).

Why All the Buzz Around HGH?
In 1990, an article appeared in the New England Journal of Medicine by Rudman that showed HGH improved the muscle tone and body composition of 12 older men. That tiny piece of research led to an unexpected boom in quacks and “anti-aging” doctors selling HGH-based “Cures for Aging.” Today, there are oral formulas of HGH, injections and even inhaled versions of human growth hormone. Other studies since 1990 have given mixed results. The only firm conclusion is that going to the gym can provide more benefits than HGH (if there are any benefits of HGH at all) with far less cost and risk.

Side Effects of Human Growth Hormone
The side effects of HGH are serious. They include diabetes, swelling, high blood pressure and even heart failure. Inflammation can also occur, causing joint pain and carpel tunnel syndrome. There is also an increased risk of cancer in children using HGH supplementation and a possible increase risk of cancer in adults (though no long-term studies have been done to prove or disprove the cancer risk of HGH).

At the moment, there is not enough evidence to recommend HGH as an anti-aging supplement. This risks, dangers and costs are far too great for anyone to be experimenting with HGH. If you talk with a doctor who recommends HGH for anti-aging, find another doctor (of course, HGH has other valid medical indications like pituitary problems in children).

Friday, July 25, 2014

PENIS ON STEROIDS

Do Steroids Make Your Penis Shrink Or Grow?

This is a common question that many people want to know before they use a cycle of steroids or legal steroids like prohormones. If you don’t know what a prohormone is compared to an active anabolic steroid I suggest you read this article PROHORMONE.  Steroids are only active in the penis if you are under 18 and still in a growth stage.  So, steroids can make your penis small or make your penis bigger if you are under 18 and still growing. This is why we always suggest people who use prohormones or anabolic steroids be over 21 because you can certainly cause some either desirable or undesirable effects based on taking steroids at a young age.

There is some retarded article on the internet that everyone is reposting that discusses the short term effect on libido and your ability to get an erection.

This is for information purposes only, but I feel strongly that people should know about steroids and penis growth because the dangers of steroids are over exaggerated and the benefits can be profound. Dry steroids (ones that don’t convert to estrogen) should in theory increase the size of your penis if you are under 21 and wet steroids (ones that convert to or act like estrogen)  should in theory decrease the size of your penis if you are under 21.  This same mechanism will also have an effect on your height as well. Dry steroids should increase height, while wet steroids should decrease height. If you are under 21 and want to try and increase both height and penis size, I suggest you use a more simple mechanism…Creatine. Creatine will alter the levels of androgens in your body, shifting to a higher DHT level, which can increase your penis size. Creatine has been proven to be safe in teens through the elderly.  Trying to use a steroid or prohormone is way too complicated for the average person, so I implore you to avoid this.

Steroids And Penis Over 21 – NO EFFECTS ON PENIS

Steroids will have no effect on your penis either good or bad if you are over 21 and done growing. The misconception that steroids make your penis shrink is because of their effect on the testicles.  Steroids will certainly make your balls shrink temporarily because when you are on a cycle of steroids your balls shut down production, causing them to shrink slightly.  This effect will reverse itself in 1-2 months after a cycle or you can use post cycle therapy to increase that recovery time.

So, to dispel the age old myth, steroids will not shrink, make smaller, make bigger, increase or alter your penis size. Fortunately or unfortunately, by the time you hit roughly 21 your penis is your penis and nothing will make it bigger or smaller long term. Steroids are only active in penis growth while you are still growing. So stop worrying about your penis and try to tell the world that this myth needs to DIE. With this information you can truly know about your penis on steroids.

Monday, July 21, 2014

Testosterone Therapy vs Anabolic Steroid Use

There is a lot of confusion between the use of anabolic steroids and bioidentical testosterone replacement therapy. For this reason, many people shy away from testosterone therapy, thinking it's a bad thing. Too many people believe that there is no difference between anabolic steroids and bioidentical testosterone replacement. Yet, although anabolic steroids are related to male sex hormones like testosterone, there are some vital differences.

Anabolic steroids are synthetic hormones that are similar in many ways to the androgens, or male sex hormones. Like bioidentical testosterone, the anabolic steroids do promote the growth of skeletal muscle and the secondary male sexual characteristics. Anabolic steroids can be used in productive ways to treat conditions that occur when the body produces abnormally low levels of testosterone. However, bioidentical hormones would actually be a better choice because there are fewer side effects associated with them; those side effects that are possible are less dangerous than those posed by synthetic hormones such as anabolic steroids.

Most people are not as aware of the potential usefulness of anabolic steroids as they are of the potential for abuse. Athletes have been known to use anabolic steroids to develop muscle mass more quickly and become stronger or faster or just plain better at their sport. Of course, the public frowns upon the practice of using anabolic steroids. There are serious and undesirable side effects that can occur as a result of using anabolic steroids to achieve higher levels of athletic performance. For example, abusers can develop liver or kidney tumors, cancer, jaundice, high blood pressure, severe acne, and trembling. Men's testes may shrink and they can develop breasts. In women, anabolic steroid abuse can lead to a growth of facial hair, menstrual changes, and a deepening of the voice. Teens who abuse anabolic steroids may stop growing prematurely and permanently.

Bioidentical testosterone therapy is different from anabolic steroid use or abuse in several ways. First of all, bioidentical hormones are identical in structure and function to the hormones produced by the human body. Synthetic anabolic steroids, in contrast, differ ever-so-slightly from the testosterone produced in the human body. These slight biochemical differences between human testosterone and synthetic androgens are the reason for most of the dangerous side effects associated with the synthetic hormones.

As with most substances, abusing bioidentical testosterone could cause undesirable effects like feminization in men, hair loss and severe acne. Since bioidentical testosterone is typically used to replace testosterone that the body is not producing in adequate quantities either due to disease or old age, it is difficult to abuse. When the body has excess testosterone, it converts it into estrogen and DHT, causing feminizing effects in men. Replacement therapies simply replace missing testosterone; anabolic steroids, however, add more testosterone to the body than it needs, generating some nasty side effects.

Men who are considering bioidentical hormone therapy need to understand that anabolic steroids and bioidentical testosterone are not the same. Bioidentical doctors monitor liver function and lipid levels in men who are using bioidentical testosterone to replace what they are missing. Side effects of this type of therapy do exist, but they are less common than those experienced by men who use anabolic steroids. Bioidentical testosterone can have some important health benefits for aging men. Talking with a bioidentical hormone doctor can help clear up any fears and misunderstandings and help you understand how bioidentical testosterone can improve your overall health as you grow older.

Thursday, July 10, 2014

Positive Effects of Steroids

Steroids have got a pretty bad rep and perhaps fairly so; they enlarge the heart, mess up our hormones and cause acne and mood disorders. However people continue to use it so there must be some positive effects of steroids. A reasoned approach then should look at both the pros and cons of these controversial substances and come to a decision that way as to whether they should be used.

Before we can appreciate the positive effects of steroids we need to understand how they work. Essentially then, steroids are either natural of synthetic compounds that help regulate various bodily functions. When we refer to steroids however we generally are referring to anabolic steroids. These are synthetic compounds that mimic the effects of anabolic and androgenic hormones such as testosterone and are known by many names including ‘juice’ and ‘roids’ and someone who is using steroids can so be said to be ‘juicing’. Anabolic steroids can be taken orally as a pill or powder or commonly via an injection which has certain advantages for the user. This makes marks along an individual’s forearms a good indicator that they may be using steroids.

This in turn means that the user will experience the effects of testosterone to a higher degree which accounts for both the positive effects of steroids and the negative. Among other things the positive effects of steroids include increased muscle mass, tissue repair, endurance and fat loss. Someone who is using steroids will find that they experience greatly exaggerated benefits from their workouts and can inches on their biceps quickly. Additionally, ‘site location’ can be used to inject the steroid directly into the particular muscle that the individual wants enlarged, allowing them to pick and choose their muscle distribution and aid in lagging muscles.

Someone who is on steroids will experience increased physical performance in all sports and athletic pursuits and will also appear more physically imposing – these being the main positive effects of steroids and the reason that many athletes and civilians use them. Used in small amounts steroids may also have certain health benefits and can be used to prevent swelling of organs such as the kidneys as well as muscle wasting diseases such as muscular dystrophy. Steroids and other steroid like substances may also be used to improve bone density meaning they could help with conditions such as osteoporosis.

There are also other positive effects of steroids however that are more side effects rather than main effects, and others that some people might find to be beneficial while others would not. As testosterone is the ‘male’ hormone, it can help with many traits generally associated with ‘maleness’. This may be useful for someone who feels they are overly feminine or would like to be more imposing.

For example, steroids can increase facial and pubic hair, it can deepen the voice and it can improve drive, ambition and focus. Those considered ‘alpha’ males are those who have large amounts of testosterone and so supplementing with anabolic steroids will help you to develop some of these traits. Those who feel their voice is small and week, or are overly baby faced can feel embarrassment and experience social withdrawal as a result. For these reasons these can be considered positive effects of steroids. On the other hand, for women, or men who already produce a lot of testosterone naturally they may be considered to be some of the negative effects of steroids.

One other area that can be positively effected by steroids is sex drive, and one of the most… potentially enjoyable… positive effects of steroids is increased arousal and sexual performance. This obviously has a lot of appeal for those with a reduced sex drive or those who are getting older, though it can also be distracting to be aroused at inappropriate times.

So with all those positive effects of steroids, is it worth taking them? Well in order to answer that we need to look at the negative effects of steroids. First of all, to counteract the aesthetic effects of increased facial hair and a booming voice you have acne and greasiness as your testosterone production reaches similar levels to those it achieved at puberty. More seriously though is the potential to grow breasts for men when taking certain forms of anabolic steroid. The reason for this is that the additional testosterone can aromatize into oestrogen – the female hormone – and so give you more feminine features. Not only is that going to ruin any aesthetic effects of steroids, but will also probably ruin the enhanced sexual performance for men too – unless your girlfriend is a lesbian. What will ruin your sex life even more though is the shrunken testicles that can result from steroid use as your body stops produces as much testosterone naturally to compensate for the extra chemicals you’re inserting.

And the additional mental drive and focus? Well these positive effects of steroids are ruined too by the negative effects of steroids have on the brain, including the severe bouts of anger, rage and potentially depression that resulted in the term ‘roid rage’. Some users even report hallucinations, and the headaches and vomiting that can also occur will do little to lighten your mood. On top of this you can also expect to experience premature balding, joint pain, diarrhoea, insomnia and jaundice. At this point few positive benefits of steroids will seem worth it. The real problem with using steroids though is the more serious health risks they carry. These include enlarged organs such as the heart (as the heart is a muscle) which can cause a heart attack along with other circulatory system conditions including blood clots, heart disease or strokes. Furthermore steroids are illegal meaning you’ll get no quality control on what you’re injecting into your system (are you really stupid enough to inject something into your veins that was probably purchased from a back alley?) and you’ll face a serious penalty should you get caught. This will also force you to lie and hide your activities from your friends and family – and probably to cover up the nasty marks you cause in your own arm. So in conclusion the positive effects do not outweigh the negative.

An important additional note is to recognise that the steroids prescribed by doctors for illnesses – corticoids – are separate and distinct from anabolic steroids which share none of their benefits.